Quantum Entanglement: How To Teleport A Cat To The MoonBy Chris Brandt, UniversityHerald Reporter
When talking about teleportation, the first thing that comes to mind is by transferring an object to one place or another. This is science fiction and can never happen. But teleportation is still possible and in fact, scientists have already done it.
Physicists have already teleported photons of light, electrons, and even calcium atoms by scanning the object in one place and transmit the instruction to another place so that the scanned elements will reassemble itself using different molecules and atoms. This is all possible through quantum entanglement, which is the transmission mechanism of teleportation.
To put quantum entanglement in layman's terms, it simply means that when two particles are entangled, they cannot be independent from each other. The best example for this is Schrödinger’s cat which is simultaneously alive and dead, and the gunpowder which is in the state of explosion and non-explosion.
When these two elements are entangled, Schrödinger’s cat is dead if the gunpowder is in a state of explosion but Schrödinger’s cat is alive if the gunpowder did not explode. That means the cat's state is entangled with the state of the gunpowder. Thus, if you know the state of one element, you also know the state of the other.
Teleporting the Cat to the Moon
Using entanglement, you can then teleport two entangled objects to another location and one of them acts like a mold or scanner imprinting the state of the thing that will be teleported. The other object, on the other hand, becomes a negative of that imprinted state.
The same thing happens when Schrödinger’s cat is teleported to the moon. However, for the cat to either be in dead or alive when teleported to the moon, it should be entangled with another thing. When the cat is teleported to the moon, it becomes a mixed up state of the particles and will not really look like a cat but more like of a cat that was put in a blender.