Smoking May Dull The Ability To Taste Sweets, Lead To Weight Gain


Cigarette smoking may dull obese women's ability to taste fats and sweets, according to a recent study.

Researchers from Washington University in Missouri found that despite craving high-fat, sugary foods, obese women are less likely than others to perceive these tastes, which may drive them to consume more calories.

"Obese people often crave high-fat foods," Yanina Pepino, assistant professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine, said in a statement. "Our findings suggest that having this intense craving but not perceiving fat and sweetness in food may lead these women to eat more. Since smoking and obesity are risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, the additional burden of craving more fats and sugars, while not fully tasting them, could be detrimental to health."

For the study, researchers studied four groups of women ages 21 to 41:  obese smokers, obese nonsmokers, smokers of normal weight and nonsmokers of normal weight. The participants tasted several vanilla puddings containing varying amounts of fat and were asked to rate them for sweetness and creaminess, a measure of fat content.

"Compared with the other three groups, smokers who were obese perceived less creaminess and sweetness," Pepino said. "They also derived less pleasure from tasting the puddings."

Smokers who were not overweight could perceive fat and sweetness that was similar to women who did not smoke.

Pepino added that the study only identified associations between smoking and taste rather than definitive reasons why obese smokers were less likely to detect fat and sweetness. But the findings imply that the ability to perceive fat and sweetness -- and to derive pleasure from food -- is compromised in female smokers who are obese, which could contribute to the consumption of more calories.

The findings, which were recently published in the journal Obesity, contribute to a growing body of knowledge that challenges the lingering perception that smoking helps a person maintain a healthy weight.

"Women are much more likely than men to take up smoking as an aid to weight control," Pepino said. "But there is no good evidence showing that it helps maintain a healthy weight over the long term. And in the case of obese women who smoke, it appears the smoking may make things even worse than previously thought."

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