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May 02, 2017 10:36 PM EDT

Researchers have found that a type of cell could locate the HIV virus. According to the scientists at UNC Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, some types of cells are left unchecked but there are macrophages cells that could contain persistence HIV virus inside.

What is Macrophagus?

Based on the paper from researchers at University of California Health Care, macrophagus defined as myeloid lineage cells - a typical white blood cell in bone marrow, lung and brain tissues that become the reservoir of HIV virus. The current study has been researching on eradicating the virus from T cells but apparently, it still exists. The important discovery enables scientists to focus on where the treatment should target. It is giving them a whole new opportunity to help better understand how HIV virus works and evolves, GlobalHealth reported.

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Now that the virus persists in certain cells, studies can identify what regulate the persistence and how a cell is infected by HIV to further understand the therapeutic treatment that human's body will response positively.

A Long Journey to Finding The Cure for AIDS

Dr. Victor Garcia learned that the journey is still long to find the cure but it is possible to get rid of serious disease in the future. A recent research in London found that a person diagnosed with HIV can still preserve the immune system as soon as they are committed to the treatment.

However, scientists do not deny that it could take 20 years away to find a vaccine that would benefit for HIV virus and eradicate the terrible illness. As of this moment, governments are putting the hardest effort by suppressing the numbers of substance abuse, mental illness and other issues that could contribute to HIV/AIDS disease, CapeandIslands reported.

The study is published in Nature Medicine.

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