America Needs to Regain Trust in Higher EducationBy Joy Liwanag
In a recent Gallup report, a disconcerting revelation emerges - Americans' confidence in higher education is waning, marking a decline from 48% in 2018 to a mere 36% in 2023. This erosion of trust spans demographic groups, with a particularly noticeable dip among Republicans, those without a college degree, and individuals aged 55 and older.
Demographic Decline: A Universally Fading Trust
The Gallup study paints a vivid picture of fading confidence in higher education, indicating a decline across all demographics. The shift is especially pronounced among Republicans, individuals without a college degree, and those aged 55 and older, raising questions about the factors influencing this downturn in trust.
Those with college or postgraduate degrees express more confidence in higher education, attributing their assurance to firsthand experiences of the benefits it brings. Jonathan Fansmith, Senior Vice President of Government Relations at the American Council on Education, highlights the correlation between personal experience and confidence, emphasizing that those who have undergone higher education feel more positively about the system.
While confidence has dropped among the youngest demographic (18 to 34), a Gallup and Lumina Foundation study from 2022 reveals that about three-quarters of current and prospective college students still view a college education as crucial or even more important than it was two decades ago. This apparent contradiction underlines a nuanced relationship between perceived value and institutional confidence.
Though the Gallup poll doesn't delve into the reasons behind the decline in confidence, experts suggest a myriad of factors. A notable contributor is the growing political divide surrounding higher education. Lynn Pasquerella, President of the American Association of Colleges and Universities, points to the portrayal of campuses as liberal strongholds, contributing to a sense of distrust among conservative circles.
The Soaring Cost of Education
The soaring cost of attending college emerges as a pivotal factor in the erosion of confidence. The average cost of tuition and fees continues to rise, limiting choices for prospective students who feel financially constrained. The burden of student loans, reaching an average of $29,719 for the class of 2021, contributes to the perception that higher education is becoming financially unattainable for many.
Despite efforts, including federal programs like the Pell Grant, the 2022 Gallup and Lumina Foundation poll reveals that less than a quarter of currently enrolled or prospective students believe that majority of Americans have access to quality and affordable education beyond high school. This perception of an exclusive system may deter individuals from pursuing higher education.
Strategies for Change
To rebuild confidence in higher education, experts advocate for transparency in cost, aid options, and the real value of attending college. College Promise programs, offering scholarships to eligible high school graduates, are highlighted as a step toward making education more accessible.
Addressing the rising cost of college is imperative, with Stephanie Marken of Gallup emphasizing the need for "real ways" to combat affordability challenges. Investments in grant and work-study programs, along with federal-state partnerships, are proposed solutions to alleviate the financial strain on students.
Critics highlight concerns about graduates being ill-equipped for the workforce, prompting a call for colleges to focus on providing 21st-century skills. Lynn Pasquerella stresses the importance of aligning education with practical skills, emphasizing the role of colleges in preparing students for the challenges of the contemporary world.
The declining confidence in higher education reflects a complex interplay of factors ranging from political perceptions to financial burdens. To reverse this trend, a multifaceted approach is needed, including addressing the rising costs, ensuring accessibility, and aligning educational curricula with the evolving demands of the workforce. Only through concerted efforts can higher education institutions regain the trust of the American public and continue to be seen as catalysts for personal and societal growth.
RELATED ARTICLE: College Education More Important To Americans Now Than 20 Years Ago