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Jul 21, 2016 12:11 PM EDT

HIV Trend Increased In 74 Countries Despite The Total Global Decrease

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Are We Facing Another Mass Extinction Event?

Human Immuno Virus (HIV) has a bad trend over the past decade. It increased in rate in 74 countries worldwide.

New HIV infections have been found to be increasing in some countries over the last decade. The total global trend of HIV from 2005 to 2015 has been decreasing except for 74 countries whose HIV cases are increasing drastically. These country calls for better targeting of prevention programs, according to a study presented on Tuesday at the 21st International AIDS Conference. The results of the study was published in the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Among all countries, some countries show great increase in HIV infections. These countries include Pakistan, Panama, Qatar and Afghanistan. The list also includes countries from other parts of the world such as Russia and Mexico.

During the conference the need of antiretroviral therapy is highlighted especially in the countries like Pakistan where less than 6% of the infected people receive antiretroviral therapy.

The therapies have been reported to reduce the risk of transmission of the virus by up to 96%. When antiretroviral drugs are given to the patient regularly, the levels of HIV in the body become almost undetectable.

The study also showed some positive statistics. One of which is the decline in the number of deaths globally from the disease. Also, the number of patients that has access to a treatment have grown. It rose from 6.4% in 2005 to above 38% in 2015 in men. In women, the increase is even greater as the numbers increased to about 40% from 2005 to 2015, CNN reported.

However, the increasing numbers are still far from the target set by UNAIDS. The numbers were set to 90:90:90. It means that 90% of people should know their HIV status, 90% of the infected patients should be under antiretroviral treatment, and 90% of those in treatment should have suppressed levels by the year 2020. If the current trend continues, those target will not be met.

 

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