Wednesday, May 23 2018 | Updated at 02:09 PM EDT

Stay Connected With Us F T R

Apr 28, 2017 12:41 PM EDT

University of California - Irvine (UCI) physicists were able to create new 2D materials that have powerful electrical and magnetic attributes. These materials are expected to become building blocks of future quantum computers and other advanced electronics.

Three separate studies have been published this month in the journals "Nature, "Science Advances" and "Nature Materials." UCI researchers and peers from UC Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Princeton University, Fudan University and the University of Maryland examined the physics behind the 2-D states of new materials and figured out that they can push computers to new heights of speed and power.

In a press release on UCI's official website, Jing Xia, an associate professor of physics and astronomy and corresponding author on two of the studies, said that they took exotic, high-end theories in physics and made "something useful." They explored the possibility of making topological quantum computers for the next 100 years.

The studies did research at extremely cold temperatures. Moreover, it did not use electrons as signal carriers but opted for Dirac or Majorana fermions, which are particles that do not have mass and are able to move at nearly the speed of light.

One of the major challenges of this type of research is handling and analyzing tiny material samples. In the studies, the samples are just two atoms thick, several microns long and just a few microns wide.

The researchers created a compound which was viewed at -387 degrees Fahrenheit. Chromium germanium telluride (CGT) is described as a cousin of graphene, which is a superthin atomic carbon film.

Specific computer components like those used for memory and storage systems need to be made of materials that have both electronic and magnetic properties. Graphene has the former but lacks the latter. Its cousin, CGT, is the right material since it has both properties.

The team also examined what happens when bismuth and nickel are brought into contact with each other at a very low temperature. The two metals had an interface that breaks time-reversal symmetry.

See Now: Facebook will use AI to detect users with suicidal thoughts and prevent suicide

Follows UC Irvine, physics, Lightning, electricity, Conductor, Graphene, Chromium germanium telluride, CGT, science
© 2017 University Herald, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Must Read

Here is NASA’s Take On Anonymous Hackers Alien Claims [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTNASA official says no alien has been found until today.

International Cyber Attack Strikes Again: Ransomware Hits Companies Worldwide [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTOver 2,000 computers in about a dozen countries were affected.

The Magic of Celebrity Involvement: How Projects and Concepts Get Public Nod When Icons Get Involved [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTDo celebrities really affect marketing?

Student Loans In Focus: How Much Do Students Really Borrow To Attend The Top 10 Schools [VIDEO]

Jun 26, 2017 AM EDTFor most students, going into the Top 10 schools is a dream come true. But is the expense in studying in these schools worth it?