Sunday, Mar 18 2018 | Updated at 09:45 AM EDT

Stay Connected With Us F T R

Jun 09, 2015 09:27 AM EDT

A new study suggests that homophobia may adversely affect the health of gay and bisexual men.

Research led by Yale School of Public Health found that gay men living in European countries with strong policies against homosexual behavior are less likely to use HIV-prevention services and test for HIV.

"Our findings suggest that rather than primarily being the result of personal failure, HIV risk is largely determined by national laws, policies, and attitudes toward homosexuality," John Pachankis, lead author of the study, said in a statement. "This study shows that gay and bisexual men in homophobic countries are denied the resources, including psychological resources like open self-expression, that are necessary to stay healthy."

For the study, researchers collected and analyzed data from the European MSM Internet Survey, which was completed by 174,000 gay and bisexual men. They compared this data to a measure of country-level laws, policies, and social attitudes toward homosexuality.

They found that attitudes about homosexuality varied greatly across the continent, but they noticed that men living in countries with higher levels of homophobia knew less about HIV and were less likely to use condoms. This finding leads the researchers to conclude that homophobia reduces the use of health services and compromises health-service quality.

The findings also suggested that gay and bisexual men had a higher risk of contracting HIV in homophobic countries "where appropriate prevention services are limited but the opportunity for sexual contact is increasing," researchers said.

The researchers concluded that this finding was the result of efforts by gay and bisexual men to conceal their sexual orientation, or stay in "the closet."

The findings are detailed in the journal AIDS.  

© 2017 University Herald, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Must Read

Here is NASA’s Take On Anonymous Hackers Alien Claims [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTNASA official says no alien has been found until today.

International Cyber Attack Strikes Again: Ransomware Hits Companies Worldwide [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTOver 2,000 computers in about a dozen countries were affected.

The Magic of Celebrity Involvement: How Projects and Concepts Get Public Nod When Icons Get Involved [VIDEO]

Jun 28, 2017 AM EDTDo celebrities really affect marketing?

Student Loans In Focus: How Much Do Students Really Borrow To Attend The Top 10 Schools [VIDEO]

Jun 26, 2017 AM EDTFor most students, going into the Top 10 schools is a dream come true. But is the expense in studying in these schools worth it?